While both Hindu and Hindutva sound similar and look branch of the same tree or religion named ‘Hinduism‘ ; the sheer difference in meaning both derives and context in which both are used segregate them and make them poles apart. One should not confuse between term Hindu and Hinduism. Anyone born in Hindustan is a Hindu just as everyone born in England is English, France is French irrespective of religion they follow, while a person following beliefs and ideologies of a particular religion are known as the followers of Hinduism.
‘Hindu’ is a broader aspect of Hinduism, while Hinduism is basically a science which got it’s basics right even before most of the world were stroked with the word called ‘civilisation’ and can be called closest to science. It’s also known as Sanātana Dharma, “the eternal law” or the “eternal way” which ‘s beyond human origins. It refers to the “eternal” duties all Hindus have to follow, regardless of class, caste, or sect, such as honesty, refraining from injuring living beings, purity, goodwill, mercy, patience, forbearance, self-restraint, generosity, and asceticism.
While some may object, why there were widespread untouchability and social evils originated from the practice of Hinduism! Further studying the aspect of Hinduism, truth states that; fact has been far derailed and manipulated from the myth. Hindus were never divided on the basis of colour or creed, they were divided on the basis of their capability or works they used to do, which mostly involved rulers, priests, farmers and manual workers as mentioned in Vedas as Brahmins, Kchatirya, Vaisyas and Sudras. Such allocations never created an upper or lower caste difference; it can be further strengthen from the mythological epic Ramayana where king of Ayodhya ‘Ram’ made his beloved wife go through ‘Agnipariksha’ confronted by a Dhobi who questioned Sita’s purity while she stayed in Lanka.
Hinduism, its religious doctrines, traditions and observances are very typical and completely linked to the culture and demographics of India. Hinduism has one of the most ethnically diverse bodies of adherents in the world. It is hard to classify Hinduism as a religion because the framework, symbols, leaders and books of reference that make up some of the world’s other religions are not uniquely identified in the case of Hinduism. Unlike other religions in the World, the Hindu religion does not claim any one Prophet, it does not worship any one God, it does not believe in any one philosophic concept, it does not follow any one act of religious rites or performances; in fact, it does not satisfy the traditional features of a religion or creed. It is a way of life and nothing more.
Hinduism is one of the best gift to mankind which includes Yoga, Ayurveda, Kamasutra and Arthshatra. It’s such vast subject that acquiring even 5-10% knowledge of any of these subject would be like doing a masters or doctorate degree in it. While Hindutva is basically most misjudged term, where secular forces believe it’s threat to democracy patronizing one’s belief over other individuals.
To quote Veer Savarkar, “Hindutva is an inclusive term of everything Indic: Hindutva is not a word but a history. Not only the spiritual or religious history of our people as at times it is mistaken to be by being confounded with the other cognate term Hinduism, but a history in full.
Hinduism is only a derivative, a fraction, a part of Hindutva. Hindutva embraces all the departments of thought and activity of the whole Being of our Hindu race”. Basically, Hindutva represents “cultural nationalism” and its conception of “Indian nationhood,” but not a religious or theocratic concept. One who follow Hinduism may object the views of Hindutva because a Hindu has never been known as aggressor, that contradicts the belief of Hinduism on which it stands.
Even before science discovered life in plants, Hindus believed that all living creatures have a soul. This soul – the spirit or true “self” of every person, is called the atma. So, belief of tree, fire, water worshipping made a special place in Hindu rituals which is also believed as dwelling place of deities and that prevent them from destroying it. So, it’s outmost important that people preserve the essence of Hinduism and get their Hindutva right.