NARENDRA MODI CALLS INDIAN AUTHORS AS SAINTS

The authors from India have inspired young and old generation with their works. We have seen how Indian writers got respect from global readers. They have dominated world of English literature. They have got national reputation from their books in regional languages. We must mention Indian authors in English and respect them. Sri Narendra Modi in an update at Twitter praised the Indian authors and compared them with the saints. The saints are a part of our rich cultural heritage.

The Indian authors have shared our societal norms to western readers. They have shared our society customs through their short stories, novels, etc. They are quite dedicated like saints. They wrote about Indian culture traits. Many writers got recognition for their unique writing style. Many writers got international awards.

To discuss about some Indian writers, we have to start with

1) R.K. Narayan : He is regarded as the best Indian writer in English. His novels and short-stories are praiseworthy. He has created interest in short story reading among middle-class Indians. He has created a fictional town known as Malgudi. Sri Narayan is a fiction writer. Some of the books of R.K. Narayan are “Swami and Friends”, “The Guide”, “A Tiger for Malgudi”, “The English Teacher”, etc. The most famous book of Sri R.K. Narayan is – “Malgudi Days”.

2) Mulk Raj Anand : He is a great Anglo-Indian fiction writer. Through his writing, he has highlighted poorer castes in Indian society. He caught the attention of the global readers for the first time. His first novel “Untouchable” was published in 1935. He also wrote “The Village”, “Coolie”, and “The Private Life of an Indian Prince”. He is a great author and all his works are worth reading.

3) Arundhati Roy : She has achieved international recognition as a writer. She received the Man Booker Prize for Fiction in 1998. She was awarded for her novel “The God of Small Things”. In the beginning of her career, she started writing screenplays for movies and television.She became a popular writer in English. Some works of Arundhati Roy like “The Algebra of Infinite Justice”, “Listening to Grasshoppers” and “Broken Republic” also gained reputation.

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4) Jhumpa Lahiri :  She is a reputed Indian author. Her first short story collection was “Interpreter of Maladies”. It was published in 1999. She won the 2000 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the O. Henry Award. She wrote three books e.g. “The Namesake”, “Unaccustomed Earth” and “The Lowland.” They had been shortlisted for 2013 Man Booker Prize. Her writing shows her simple style of writing. There are Indian immigrant characters in her works.

5) Salman Rushdie : He is a controversial writer. He is popular for his work named “The Satanic Verses.” It instigated Muslim community all over the world, then Ayatollah Khomeini of Iran declared a fatwa. He was awarded Knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II . He contributed significantly to Indian literature. The reputed works are “Midnight’s Children”, “Luka and the Fire of Life”, “Shalimar the Clown”, and “The Enchantress of Florence”. His fictions are centered around Indian themes. They have a combination of reality and history.

6) Manohar Malgaonkar : He is a contemporary of R.K. Narayan. He contributed significantly in Indian writing in English. He specialized in mysteries and thrillers. At that time, Indians were not accustomed to it. He became the pioneer of this genre. He wrote books like “Spy in Amber”, “A Bend in the Ganges”, “Bandicoot Run”, “Cactus Country”, etc. He had the potential of becoming an international name in mystery and thriller writing. His works can be compared with Jeffrey Archer, Clive Cussler and James Patterson.

The great Indian authors at present are Vikram Seth, Kiran Desai, Rajarao, Anita Desai, V.S. Naipaul, Khushwant Singh, Amitav Ghosh, Sudha Murthy, etc. They have contributed significantly to literature in English in India. Some of the noted Indian writers of mythological fiction are Amish Tripathi, Ashwin Sanghi, Krishna Udayasankar, Anand Neelakantan, Aroon Raman, etc.

In Hinduism, we respect our saints. Shri Narendra Modi had compared Indian authors with saints for their dedication. Saints are individuals who have experienced spiritual development. They can help others get liberation or moksha. They can help others get into spiritual state in this life or after death. The saints have special abilities, e.g. giving darshan. Darshan is a capability of transferring blessings from the guru to the disciple. They can make this transfer through glance or with the help of mantra. Our authors, in the same way, can take their readers in a different world of imagination. Some Gurus have the capability to enter the dream world of a disciple. In this way, they can transfer initiation or teach them. Through writing, Indian authors have taken their readers in another world. The gaze of a guru can create a significant spiritual experience in the disciple. The students feel an atmosphere of spirituality around their teacher. This changes their perceptions and moods in positive ways.

The pictures of gurus shown here can be seen throughout India on private and public altars. Along with the images of saints, there are one or more Hindu gods. The guru is sometimes regarded as an avatar or incarnation of a God. Human gurus get honor and respect equivalent to God. Indian authors in the same way, get respect from Indian readers because they create a beautiful world of imagination. They sometimes represent reality of our lives in a new way through their literary style. It is truly an act of a divine being. The genuine guru has the capacity and wisdom. He can guide a disciple. He can take away his suffering. He can help him /her get spiritual freedom. He can show him/her a heavenly paradise.

Sri Narendra Modi made the right comparison at Twitter. He updated his message with the praise on Indian Authors as saints. The saints are dedicated in the service of God and they respect human beings and understand their nature. Indian writers can understand the audience and write appropriately. The modern Indian writers are getting the limelight for their excellent writing skills. Through literature, we can express ourselves fully using the characters.

g5CONTRIBUTOR: PRATANU BANERJEE

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Narendra Modi letter to nation on completion of one year

Political Trends are changing in India. With completion of one year of Narendra Modi government, technological advancement in political arena is also being seen. Mann ki Baat is already a platform where Prime Minister is communicating his thoughts to the citizens. He is one such Prime Minister, who is using Social Media to its max to reach to the people. With these gestures, it is clear that he believes in taking everyone together and keep people informed about the actions of the government. On completion of one year of his government, Narendra Modi has addressed the nation by writing an open letter to the citizens( Narendra Modi letter to nation ). Let us dissect here, what he is trying to convey.

Just like the Indian belief of Seva Paramo Dharm, Narendra Modi declared himself as Pradhan Sevak instead of Pradhan Mantri of the nation. He reminded his words and amplifies that he has served the nation with all his existence and honesty. In India running a government is not handling departments or working systems, but it is a fight with the system and combat with corruption. He tried to explain that it was a task to level the system as well as fight with ever rising inflation and economic insecurity. Somewhere some decisions and immediate actions were required.

He explained that they had to work in a systematic way. First task was to bring run a way prices to hold. Dying economy was brought to life, government was systemized to work in a proactive way. Transparent auction system was started to fight against license raaj in matter of valuable natural resources. Black money savings outside India was controlled by laying down SIT and drawing international attention about the view of Indian Government about black money in other countries. A clear message was passed to the employees of the government that corruption is not acceptable at all, which ensured purity in action and intent. Working pattern of government was changed independent silos of state government was changed and overall a wholesome functioning government system was implemented. He adds that trust in government was ensured. With all these, he is trying to convey to people that what were the challenges and how they have solved them.

Just like the way Congress is projecting them to be poor savior, Dalito ki Sarkar, Garibo ki Sarkar, Narendra Modi has also clarified that they have worked on principle of Antyodaya. His government is concentrating on poor, marginalized and people, who are left behind. We as a nation has already seen super success of Jana Dhan Yojana and subsidy advantages directly depositing in the bank accounts. Apart from that Bima Yojana and above all awareness among the poor to take advantage of policies of the government.

Making of school toilets to setting up IIT’S, and providing toilets across India, IIM’S and AIIMS are also commendable work done by the government. Vaccination cover to Children to self-driven Swachch Bharat Mission. Social security to common man and minimum pension for laborers. Highlighting conditions of farmers who are struck by natural calamities in WTO and helping them out. Empowering one and all with self-attestation to delivering subsidized directly to people’s banks, from universalizing the banking system to funding the unfunded small businesses; from irrigating fields to rejuvenating Ma Ganga (So far many ghats of Ganga are cleaned), from moving towards 24*7 power to connecting the nation through road and rail (rail project in north east India is started and people are seeing upgradation in their way of living), from building homes for the homeless to setting up smart cities, and from connecting the north east to prioritizing development of eastern India.

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He clarified his objective by stating that this is just the beginning. His objective is to transform quality of life, infrastructure and services. Together we shall build the India of your dreams and that of our freedom fighters. He ends his letter seeking blessings and continued support from people.

The objective of the letter was to keep everyone together and make people aware what government has done for them. To highlight, the task that are one liner on paper needs lots of preparations, plannings and execution. The task of connecting east India is one such project, where government has to develop roads, rails and routes in dense forest and hilly areas, fighting with internal wars and bear poverty among the people along with systemizing the government functions.

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Contributor: Twinkle Parekh

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India get a major financial support from Korea

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has visited South Korea. After the negotiation with Sri Modi, South Korea is willing to donate 10 billion US dollars to India. It will help in building infrastructure, railways, power generation, development of smart cities, and other areas. The two countries, India and South Korea, decided to modernize their bilateral relationship. They are going to form a “Special Strategic Partnership“.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has visited Seoul in South Korea. He will stay there for a two days. He is going to invite investors. Park Geun-hye, South Korean President is going to talk to Modi.

There are a number of issues discussed in the meeting between the two countries. They are defence,trade and investment, and regional cooperation. It will improve the bilateral ties between the two countries to a high level. President Park had addressed a joint press meet. PM Modi appreciated the progress of Korea. They have created a strong vision on behalf of Asia. He admired Korea as an important partner in modernization of Indian economy. PM Modi had come to Seol from Mongolia. This is the last phase of his three-nation tour. President Park remarked that the progress of India and South Korea had moved considerably. Both countries want to improve the environment of business. A total of seven agreements and Memorandum of Understanding were signed between the two countries. They are Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to taxes on income.

Both countries issued joint statement after the talk. There is an Act East strategy between the two countries. Both countries give importance to bilateral partnership. They want to maintain peace, stability and security in the Asia Pacific Region. PM Modi had taken a major step forward in building cordial relationship with Korea. The Ministry of Strategy and Finance and the Export- Import Bank of Korea expressed their desire to provide USD 10 billion. It will be spent in infrastructure, consisting Economic Development Cooperation Fund of USD one billion. There are export credits of USD 9 billion for important sectors. Major sectors are smart cities, railways, power generation and transmission.


A meeting will be held between the two governments and the EXIM banks of the two countries. They will find a roadmap to seek financial  support for major sectors.

 The two armed forces will work jointly. They will consult regularly between the National Security Council structures of the two countries. The areas are security, defence and cyber related issues.

 The Prime Minister has requested President Park to invite Korean companies in the defence sector in India. PM of Korea responded positively.

 In regard to Make in India, PM Modi praised about Korean brands being widely known in houses of Indian citizens. There are a lot of opportunity for Korean companies to join in this mission. Sri Modi has planned to meet Korean leaders of business houses for detailed discussion.

 The Prime Minister is going to meet on one to one basis with CEOs of Hyundai Motors, Samsung Electronics, LG Industries and Doosan Group. There will be a meeting at the CEOs Forum where PM will talk with them regarding investment.

 Sri Modi had decided to form a Joint Working Group on shipbuilding. Both sides wanted ships to be built. The Korean companies will acquire and manufacture LNG tankers.

 The Prime Minister is going to visit the Hyundai Heavy Industries Shipyard at Ulsan.

 The officials said that India is going to buy nine LNG tankers. Korea will cooperate in building two of the tankers utilizing their technology. Samsung and LG are going to expand their operations in India. Hyundai Motors are going to start two more factories in India. There are already two factories in India at present. The Minister of Commerce, Nirmala Seetharaman is going to visit South Korea on June.

 There are complaints of delays of tax issues. There are problems of finding land for Korean companies in India. Korea Plus, a channel has been started. It will help in the investment and their operations in India.

 The bilateral trade between India and Korea was not the standard. The two leaders decided to review Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement. There is a bilateral trade of USD 16 billion. Both sides are optimistic about trade. In India, about 300 Korean companies have invested USD 3 billion and 40,000 workers are working in those companies in India. Both countries want peace and stability of the Korean Peninsula. Sri Modi talked with President Park about proliferation of the nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction. He wanted the Korean people must reconcile and leave peacefully in the Korean Peninsula.

 Both leaders showed their concern about the development of North Korea. They also talked about nuclear weapons and ballistic missile program, There was violation of international obligations and commitments.

 They urged North Korea to fully comply with international obligations like UN Security Council resolutions and other international pacts.

 The two countries want amendment to Air Services Agreement. They want to increase the flight connectivity and it will include more cities. The Korean officials want to increase direct flights. Presently six flights are found in a week.

 The two sides are connected through Memorandum of Understanding on audio-visual co-production. Both countries will start co-production of films, animation and broadcasting programmes.This will increase the bonding of the two countries.

 India and Korea have decided to work for the development of trade, industry and energy, power information and technology, transmission and distribution of electric power, energy deficiency and storage system. Sri Narendra Modi had helped India get a major financial support from Korea. It is a great achievement and no other prime minister had worked so intensively for the development of the country.

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Contributor: Pratanu Banerjee

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NARENDRA MODI GOVERNMENT ALWAYS SUPPORTS THE POOR INDIAN FARMERS

Prime Minister Narendra Modi expressed that his government is for the poor people and farmers. He replied back at his critics using logic. His opponents want to ruin the reputation of BJP.

Sri Narendra Modi avoided talking about the land acquisition bill. He shared the initiatives taken by his government for the welfare of farmers. He made up his mind to pay compensation to farmers. The farmers crop suffered in the recent rainy season. They faced a damage from 50 per cent to 33 per cent.

During the conversation, Sri Narendra Modi talked about the land acquisition bill. Media criticizes him. Sometimes they share his speech in a wrong way at Bengaluru. The party organized a meeting at the National Council at an early date of this month.

Modi had a conversation with the MPs of BJP as well as other workers. He had put an emphasis on the difference between, work of previous governments and the NDA. NDA had worked for the poor people. He expressed his desire to work for the poor from the bottom of his heart.

Modi talked about former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in a disguised way. He shared that out of one rupee, people get only 15 paise. You have to solve the problem. You cannot do only analysis.

Modi talked with the MPs of BJP. In the second half of Budget session of the Parliament of India. He emphasized the schemes started by his government, which is only 10-month-old. These are meant to help the poor.

Our Prime Minister Narendra Modi advised the MPs of BJP to stand with their head high. He advised them to stay confident. He told them to tell the contribution of BJP for the poor people. He is confident people will appreciate the work of the government. The decisions of Modi are for the welfare of poor people of India. Modi government always supports the poor indian farmers .

Modi shared the example of fall in inflation. He also talked the fall in prices of cement. He remarked that the decline of prices are due to the schemes of his government. His schemes have truly benefitted the poor people.

Sri Modi welcomed criticism. But he expressed that some people have a congenital habit of criticizing BJP. But those criticizing BJP should not call themselves neutral. He always speaks for the poor and works for the poor.

Sri Modi shared that there are people who does not want to hear anything positive. They are not interested to speak anything good. They are not eager to see anything good. We will focus on those people who are listening to us. You need to work actively. You have to share your ideas with people. You have to speak about activities of our government. You should not think what the media is talking about.

In order to support his statement that his government is for the poor people, Prime Minister discussed about their schemes. They are Jandhan as well as direct transfer of subsidies to the poor people. His government had put efforts to control the leakage in NREGA. PM Modi advised his MPs to spread the message of his party. He advised his MPs to compare the contribution of his government with those previously. He recalled about the black and white television. He compared them with the color television. He talked about policies of the previous governments and the present one.

PM Modi spoke about NREGA. He asked his party members to communicate with him using letters. He told them to inform him about application of policy at any part of the country. He plans to help the poor. He thinks about empowering the villagers with purchase power. This will boost the development of villages and cities.

Shri Narendra Modi remarked that the damage to farmers are due to hailstorms. He said that his government compensates farmers who suffer a loss of 33 per cent. The previous governments have provided compensation when the loss was at least 50 per cent. Therefore the amount of compensation increased to one-and-a-half times. There was damage in wheat crop. The quality of crop got damaged. The government always compensates the poor people. Modi government stands beside the poor farmers. The farmers lives are affected by drought, urbanization and suicides. This is the reason the population of farmers is decreasing. Once upon a time, the farmers are taken as soul of India’s economy. They were regarded as the heart of India.

According to the Indian government census, since 2001, the number of farmers of India declined to 9 million. There are a total 119 million cultivators in India. This is the second-largest group in the workforce. But the studies revealed that there was a decline of 25 percent of the total number of workers since 2001. There are about 144 agricultural laborers, about 30 percent of the total workforce. There is a rise of 26.5 percent since 2001 as there is falling size of land-holdings over time. This information is provided by Census Commissioner C. Chandramouli to The Times of India. Modi government is beside these poor farmers. Supporting these farmers will help them survive.

According to the Hindu, India looses more than 2,000 farmers every single day. Since 1991, there is a decline in number of farmers by 15 million. Modi governments want to give them some privileges for a decent living. Due to their debt, they commit suicide. According to Sainath, about a quarter of a million farmers committed suicide since 1995. This important data was revealed in his lecture at the Institute of Development Studies in Kolkata. It is a sad story to find that in 2009, more than 17,000 farmers committed suicide in Uttar Pradesh.

Shri Narendra Modi had taken the right step for the alleviation of condition of the poor farmers. The country must be united and policies should be taken by our government for the improvement of the life of the farmers. Self help schemes should be started. They should be allowed to get sufficient income from the sale of food crops. They should be given free education by the government for their children.

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CONTRIBUTOR: PRATANU BANERJEE

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Narendra Modi to visit Bangladesh this June, Says Bangladesh is most important neighbour

Why India-Bangladesh relations need a re-look: The time for momentum push is now

National Security Advisor’s recent statement about Bangladesh being the most important of our neighbor has evoked varied response from Indians. With recent land swap deal and the timing of this statement which is just before the proposed visit of Narendra Modi, it becomes very clear that India is now going to reshape its relations with Bangladesh. What we often overlook about Bangladesh is that it also shares civilizational, cultural, social and economic links with India more than Pakistan. While whole of Bangladesh is culturally pretty similar to India, in case of Pakistan it is the only the territories east of Indus Punjab and Sindh which have cultural similarities with India as the west of Indus states ( Baluchistan, FATA, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) share more a link with their western neighbors Iran and Afghanistan.

It is correct say that our links with Bangladesh are actually stronger as both the countries are secular. This may be surprising to many after the recent killings of blogger Avijit Roy and his aide Anant Bijjoy Das Sen. But it would be wrong to make your impression of Bangladesh based on couple of unfortunate incidents. In fact it is these incidents which bring the attention to Bangladesh. Bangladesh should not be associated with only illegal immigrants which adds fuel to anti-India sentiments there. Bangladesh can help a lot in accelerating development in our North East. If we get access to Guwahati and northeast via Bangladesh, it would really give a lot of momentum to the growth in North eastern states. It is also important for India to not let Bangladesh fall into Chinese influence zone. 

When India faced Bangladesh in the quarter-final of the World cup 2015, Facebook was abuzz with the fans of both the teams fighting it out over there. There were many Das, Ghosh, Ray, Sarkar who were supporting their country Bangladesh. Bangladeshi Hindus are better off when compared to Pakistan. While there are problems that we can’t deny but there are reasons to be optimistic about Bangladesh. It’s a country we can work with to resolve issues as it does not have power centers like Pakistan. Its current leadership under Begum Sheikh Hasina Wajed has shown political resolve to act strongly against anti-India establishments there including the Islamic extremists and it needs to be strengthened.  The other ‘Begum’, Khalida is clearly very anti-India.

While India, as a responsible democracy does not take sides in political battles of other countries but for all practical purposes we need to strengthen our well-wishers.   The problem is more of perception. That needs to be corrected. Bangladesh under Shiekh Hasina Wajed has taken many steps that have helped us in curbing the terrorism threats which many emanate from Bangladesh soil. Bangladesh is not Pakistan and has a very different society, a society that takes pride in their language and their identity. Unlike Pakistan which has a ‘Persian‘ national anthem , it has a national anthem written by Rabindranath Tagore, Sonar Bangla.It loves its Bengali identity unlike Pakistan which ideologically sees itself with its western Islamic neighbors so much so that it often become clearly an ideological slave of Arabs pretending to shun it South Asian identity.

India was the first country to recognize Bangladesh as a separate and independent state and established diplomatic relations with the country immediately after its independence in December 1971. High-level exchanges, visits and meetings take place regularly alongside the wide ranging people-to-people interaction. The visit of President Pranab Mukherjee to Bangladesh in March 2013, on his first trip abroad since assuming this post, reflects the highest importance that Government of India attaches to its relationship with Bangladesh, which is based on the principles of equality, partnership and mutual growth. Smt. Sushma Swaraj’s first  visit to Bangladesh as the External Affairs Minister in the last week of June 2014 had provided further momentum to the close and friendly relationship between India and Bangladesh. Following are the focus areas which are likely to be on agenda when Narendra Modi visits Bangladesh this June.

Economic Co-operation Opportunities

Bangladesh is an important trading partner for India. The two-way trade in FY 2012-2013 was US $ 5.34 billion with India’s exports to Bangladesh accounting for US $ 4.776 billion and imports US $ 0.564 million with the duty free access given by India to Bangladesh for all items except 25.

As stated above Bangladesh can help a lot in integrating the North East Economy with the rest of Indian economy. It Chittagong port can be very instrumental in accelerating North East economy.

Bangladesh border is also an entry point of fake currency into India which dents our economy and we need greater and positive relations with Bangladesh to tackle this issue.

India and Bangladesh are also engaged in regional cooperation through multilateral forum such as SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation), BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) and IORARC (Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation) etc.

Illegal migration:

The issue of illegal migration loom very large on the relations between through countries. India shares its longest border with Bangladesh, which is more than 4000 kilometers and it is very porous. It has become a very easy route for entry of terrorists, drug trafficker and of course human traffickers into India. This is also a very big election issues in West Bengal and whole of North East.

Terrorism 

It is a common knowledge that Bangladesh has been one of the operating grounds of ISI and has been used for many anti-India activities. It has been supporting the insurgents in the North East India. National Liberation of Tripura (NLFT), Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) and National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFM) are major insurgent groups in Northeast India. There are some rumors that ULFA has several lucrative income generating Projects in Bangladesh to sustain its insurgency activities in India.

Water Sharing Disputes

Both countries shares about 54 rivers. While the two countries had sealed a deal in the year 1996 to share the water of Ganges, there are other big rivers like Teesta which need to be discussed. Bangladesh has raised concern that the reduced flow of water into its territory from India has caused damage to its agriculture, irrigation and industries whereas the Indian sides feel that Bangladesh has overstated its concerns. Such issues can be a very big irritant in the relations of two countries which are still very agrarian in nature.

Summary

India and Bangladesh need to work out the problem of perception. Narendra Modi to visit Bangladesh this June , Says Bangladesh is most important neighbour.While India is not the Big Bully as the hostile establishments in Bangladesh often say, Bangladesh is also not all about illegal migrants. Bangladesh should not be grouped with Pakistan at all on the basis of its history. It is a country which takes pride in its Bengali identity and shares a lot with their Bengali brethren on Indian side. We must address to their legitimate concerns and work with them to get our concerns addressed. It is a country we can work with and must not let it fall into Chinese zone of Influence and worst of all, extremist forces which it is trying hard to fight.

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Contributor: Sachin Diwaker

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