In the “Art Of War” Sun Tzu wrote that

” key to victory is the ability to use surprise tactics”


25th December 2015, a remarkable day in the history of India and Pakistan relationship. A Christmas eve, which celebrated the birthday of Atal Bihari Vajpayee and a day also to remember, The founder of Pakistan Muhammad Ali Jinnah, on his birthday. After inaugurating the parliament building in Afghanistan, at the end of PM, Modi’s visit in Kabul, he decided to stop over in Pakistan to greet and meet Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif on his birthday and to make this day more remarkable. Though PM modi conveyed birthday wishes to PM Nawaz Sharif through phone call, he decided to give a surprise visit to Lahore on his way back to Delhi from Kabul, Afghanistan. PM, Modi announced his surprise visit to Pakistan on twitter.

PM, Modi embarked IAF Boeing 737 from Kabul and disembarked at Allama Iqbal International Airport, Lahore by 16:50 hours on 25th December 2015. A PM house spokesman declared after his arrival that “PM. Modi will stay in Lahore for about two hours.” PM Nawaz Sharif was present at the Airport to welcome PM Narendra Modi accorded with Red Carpet. After greeting each other on Airport, Both headed towards Nawaz Sharif’s Residence in a chopper. Nawaz Sharif’s residence was already decorated, full of guests and family member due to the ongoing wedding ceremony of Nawaz Sharif’s Granddaughter, Mehrun Nisa. PM Nawaz Sharif was pleased to invite PM, Modi to join the celebration of his granddaughter.


Pakistan’s foreign Secretary, Aizaz Ahmad Chaudhry reported that PM, Modi’s surprise visit to Pakistan was unplanned and it was organized within a short notice after PM. Modi left for Delhi from Kabul. It was a “good will visit” by PM. Modi. Pakistan authorities put the security on high alert at Allama Iqbal International Airport, Lahore and its adjacent areas. A short meeting took place at the Jati Umrah residence of Nawaz Sharif, though the agenda was unknown and unplanned, hence both the leaders decided to discuss upon the major issues which can strengthen the ties between both the countries. The discussion was held between both leaders previously in Climate Change meeting in Paris, where they decided to keep the topic open to discuss further, Hence PM, Modi took the opportunity on the day of his surprise visit. Both leaders also agreed to raise and enhance mutual cooperation between both countries which can assist in eradicating the poverty issues in South Asia.


The National Security Advisor of both the countries met on December 6, 2015 in Bangkok and the results of the meeting was announced by Minister of External Affairs. The agenda of discussion was about peace, security, terrorism, Jammu and Kashmir including maintaining peace along the line of Control(LOC).

Sudheendra Kulkarni, chairman of an observer research foundation claimed that it was a “courageous step by PM. Modi in boosting up the bilateral ties between both countries.” Sushma Swaraj, foreign Minister also tweeted about the PM. Modi’s surprise visit move as ” calling it like a statesman.”


The former Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee travelled to Islamabad for SAARC summit 2004, which ignited the hope of friendship and peace between India and Pakistan but it was soon derailed by the Kargil war resulting in more tensed relationship between the two countries. Later on 24th May 2014, during the swearing ceremony of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Delhi also marked the presence of all the SAARC member, followed by a high level meeting on the next day, which was termed as “mini SAARC summit” by media. During the same year 2014, the SAARC summit was held in Kathmandu, Nepal. The theme for summit was “Deeper integration for peace and prosperity.” During the summit, It marked as a turning point for the cold relationship between two countries. on first day Pakistan opposed all the proposal agreement led by India, both leader of the country decided to discuss privately during the retreat session of the summit after that things changed on second day, Pakistan agreed upon one agreement out of three proposed by India on the next day of summit. Both the leader shook hands publically and making an efforts to resolve the outstanding issues and maintain peace between both regions.

“To achieve the impossible, it is precisely the unthinkable that must be thought”

-Wrote by famous Novelist

To strengthen the peace and security between both region, it was the first visit after eleven years, It is mentioned as a master stroke by PM Narendra Modi showing the recovery of the moment at SAARC summit in Nepal. It is also claimed, while returning from Kabul PM Modi decided to Stopover Pakistan, the decision which turned Afghanistan from battle front to facilitator of a good relationship between India and Pakistan.PM. Modi’s surprise visit to Pakistan was a bold and innovative move which gives a vision of maintaining the peaceful relationship with Pakistan.