On 19th March 2016, Indian Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi inaugurated Krishi Unnati Mela – the National Level Agriculture Fair-Cum-Exhibition at Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. This event was organized by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Department of Agriculture, Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) and the Government of India in order to provide information about new farming schemes and techniques that can help the farmers to earn double income with in the future years.

Krishi Unnati Mela was organized for 3 days i.e. from March 19-21, 2016. On the first day, technical seminars on “Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana” were held and on the second day, programs like brainstorming sessions and information dissemination along with the farmers were organized. The whole event was live telecasted at the Panchayat Level. While addressing the public meeting, PM Modi shared his great vision for the Indian Agriculture and advanced farming methods. He described this public farmer meet as the broad platform where we could rewrite India’s destiny. Though this task seems challenging but the objectives for the growth of agriculture, village and farmers are so strong that these will surely help to build India’s future in the concerned field.

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi said, “It is a great pleasure that Agriculture department has organized this event which will not only provide information to the farmers, but also to individuals who are living all over India.” He had also mentioned about the recent Union Budget which will have far reaching impact in the agricultural sector. He described agriculture as the next revolution in India, which will be based on the modernization and technology. PM Modi said that the eastern part of our nation has great potential to achieve the main objectives and for this, the government of India has also been working towards it.

PM Modi visited the Theme Pavilion where “Krishi Karman Awards” were given to the farmers who have made outstanding contribution in the agriculture field. The farmers of eight states were awarded, including: Odisha, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Chhattisgarh, and West Bengal. For the total grain production, the commendation awards were given to the three states: Goa, Himachal Pradesh and Arunachal Pradesh. The pavilion had shown eight zones, including: Agri-rejuvenation, Soil Health, Agro-climatic variety in India, Technology theme showcasing important govt. Schemes, Agri-technology, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries and Horticulture.

The State Government had directed to sponsor farmer’s participation to attend this event, where practices and workshops on important schemes like e-agriculture marketing, Pradhan Mantri Fasal Beema Yojana, Integrated Farming System, Soil Health, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sichai Yojana and Livestock Issues. These workshops were held in different languages to avail information about advanced techniques.

According to PM Modi, we have to focus on the agriculture growth in order to develop our nation. We have to extend the platform so that we can achieve the main objectives up to the year 2022. It is our responsibility to take care of the quality of soil and we should avoid the chemical sprays and pesticides. Instead of that, we should opt organic methods to protect our crop production. For that, the government of India has come up with Soil Health Card” which will provide all information about soil like quality, layers, lacks etc. The farmers must check out the quality of soil on a regular basis so that they will come to know about type of soil and according to that they can plan for the crop production.

Along with this, our government has also focused on the Krishi Sichai Yojana so that farmers can get maximum benefits with the regular water supply. We have considered total 90 projects for this mission and very soon 80 lakh Hectare land will be irrigated with the water. The government of India is also planning to build 5 lakh tube wells in several villages of the states and for that, total budget of Rs. 20,000 Crore has been fixed. He also advised the farmers to focus on the water storage plans so that they can use the water for the future purpose. Along with this, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi also discussed about animal husbandry and milk production.

He said that instead of using harmful chemical pesticides, we should focus on the organic farming and fertilizers so that we can produce the crop without any chemical content. This will also protect our health. He had also mentioned the example of Organic State (Sikkim) where organic farming procedures have been used since 2003. Along with that, PM Modi also advised the farmers to share the fencing in order to utilize the maximum land area. According to him, farmers can also plant timber trees as large amount of timber has been imported to abroad nations. This will also increase the revenue stream and economic state of the nation. He launched Mobile Application “Kisan Suvidha” for the farmers so that they can all needy information about agriculture, weather, seeds, fertilizers, market prices, agricultural machinery, and pesticides.  

PM Modi has a broad vision for the water storage schemes. With this, we can save the forest which will create great impact on the increasing parameters of rainwater. Moreover, he had also explained the concept of “Per Drop More Crop” with the micro irrigation, drip irrigation and liquid fertilization.  In order to increase the cost value of total crop production, we have to focus on the value addition and food processing. It will also increase the demand in the global market.

Contributor: Sunpreet Kaur