In 2015, the major International agreements which were signed by PM Modi include: Paris Agreement on the Climate Change and Sustainable Development. Considering these two agreements, an international conference was organized on 4th March 2016, to discuss all about the goals of sustainable development. Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Modi addressed this International Conference on Rule of Law in order to support 2030 Development Agenda.

The main objective of this conference was to spread awareness about Climate Justice and to bring together the Scientists, Environmentalists, Judges and Chief Justices to discuss about environmental issues such as waste management, climate change, disaster management, air pollution, threat to marine environment, global warming, impacts on wildlife, environment and forest, remedies and judicial mechanism.

In the words of PM Modi –

“बहुजन हिताय, बहुजन सुखाय’, ‘सर्वे भवन्तु सुखिनो”

“लोकाः समस्ताः सुखिनो भवन्तु’.

Anything which is not sustainable or compromises on the ability of future generation to fulfill the requirements cannot be termed as Development. In actual, Development is an inclusive and sustainable process which is concerned with the wellbeing and happiness of the maximum number of people. According to him, we all have a strong belief in sustainability and we respect the laws of nature that have great values for us. Even, the Practice of Coexistence and Co-Life can help us in many ways.

Shri Narendra Modi stated that Sustainable Development is our major priority. The main objective of our government is to encourage the skill development, education, entrepreneurship, and digital connectivity in a supportive manner. All the possible ways can become sustainable only when all the stakeholders get benefitted.

According to him, the rules and regulations play an important role to achieve sustainable development goals. These will also facilitate the development process. He also mentioned that in the September of the last year, he attended the meeting of the UN General Assembly where the Sustainable Development Goals for 2030 were adopted which indicate the clear understanding of environmental, social and economic linkages that defines our life style.

He also mentioned that the problems faced by people in India are not same. But our collective efforts can surely lead to achieve success. For that, we should avoid all the contradictions between our need to develop sustainably. He also added that our government has been treating this challenge of Climate Justice as an opportunity and we believe in Karma. In our country, people worship nature like Moon, Sun, Rivers, Rain, Animals, Air and Fire and they live in harmony with the elements of nature as several mythological values have been connected with that. In Indian culture, Nature being an integral part, has been passed across many generations. We have many guiding principles associated with religion as well as nature that we all respect and follow since long years.


A Well Known Sanskrit Shalok:

ॐ सर्वेशां स्वस्तिर्भवतु । सर्वेशां शान्तिर्भवतु ।

सर्वेशां पुर्णंभवतु । सर्वेशां मङ्गलंभवतु ।।

It means that we always pray for welfare, peace, fulfillment and sustainability of all; at all places and for all times.

For this commitment, we should remember that our nation can play the best role of leadership in sustainable development. He described this in his own way.  According to him, the Medication and Yoga practice helps us to maintain a balance between contentment and desires and it also leads us to a sustainable and moderation lifestyle. Yoga practices are very comprehensive and the Yam, Niyam and Pratyahar teach us control, discipline and austerity.

Prime Minister Shri PM Modi praised the efforts of the Father of Nation, Mahatma Gandhi and he added that we all should use the natural resources while maintaining the balance between nature and life and we should act as “Trustee”. If we have to provide a healthy environment to our future generation, then it is the responsibility of every citizen to take initiatives to protect nature.

According to Shri Narendra Modi, the biggest challenge of environment is poverty and it is the main objective of our government to eradicate poverty. For that, we have been executing various plans and programs that target the development criteria as well. He said that the marginalized, poor and vulnerable groups have very less resources in order to cope with the climate changes.

For this, Prime Minister Shri Modi had already convinced the world at Paris for Sustainable lifestyle. According to him, Climate justice belongs to the justice of 3 billion poor people of the world who have been suffering for so long. These both concepts were also presented in the Paris Agreement. Along with this, a Green Budget was also presented. The highlights of Union Budget 2016-17 include: LPG benefits for the 50 Million BPL families which will save the cutting of trees.

Considering the need of Climate Justice, PM Modi said that the rules, regulations, principles and practices can be implemented in a similar way for such conditions. He stated that the responsibilities at COP-21 underline the Indian Ethos that will work for changing human lifestyle along with the changes in the monetary activities.

Contributor: Sunpreet Kaur