The Nation is known for its discovery of zero and number system currently ranks at 135th spot in the UN Education Index which is quite disgraceful in its own way. A country’s prosperity significantly relies on the number of educated citizens it delivers. From the past few decades, the country was following the same set of education system obtruded by the colonial rulers with their own set of intents. Even the apex court of the country had raised concerns over ongoing system failure in the education. Establishment of hundreds of colleges and universities by the previous government was certainly not going to be an integral solution for educational reformation for India. Another reason behind this may be of lack of skilled faculties or dilapidated infrastructure. But the recent efforts by the incumbent government led by NDA has pumped up a compelling ray of hope towards the sector.

There is not a single Indian university amongst the top 200 universities in the world. This calls for drastic action to reform the way education is imparted in our universities and academic institutes.”

The President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, at the 10th Convocation of the National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra

Education system in India

Indian system of education is furnished by both public as well as private sectors. The controlling and management is coordinated by three levels i.e. central state & local. RTE (Right to Education) has become a law in the country since 2009. The constitutional laws mandate education for every child falling under the age of 6-14. There is issues government run schools as they are lacking the in the qualitative aspects. Although, a significant number of seats are stockpiled for some designated backward classes which make the whole scenario more convoluted.

The Budget Highlights

The NDA (National Democratic Alliance) regained its hold on central governance in 2014, since then the protagonist himself PM Narendra Modi has admitted that an extensive amount metamorphosis is required in the education field for the augmentation of human development index of India and has laid a meticulous plan for it. There has been an inertia since then to lay emphasis on the sector by the finance minister Mr. Arun Jaitley in the recent union budget of 2015 as this time the government went on to display their full-fledged approach toward various sectors and their reformations. Setting aside Rs.69,074.76 crore for education is a testament of the same. The key aspects of budget laid on having a secondary school within the horizon of 5 km of each toddler of the country. An upgradation of around 80,000 primary and secondary schools has been proposed. The prime focus of the government this time halts on higher education as they are considered to be productive. Enactment of more IITs, AIIMS & IIMs has continued to bolster the escalation of opportunities for budding talents with a considerable amount of approx. Rs.3,500 crore. These are amalgamated with financial assistance under ‘Pradhan Mantri Vidya Lakshmi Karyakram.’ A special emphasis is given on Girl Child Education by initiating a drive for constructing toilets in the remaining elementary schools and also launching the Beti Bachao-Beti padhao campaign. National Skill Mission is also inaugurated in order to compile up all the skill initiatives and give a spunk to all the youths for strengthening the much-applauded Make in India mission of the country. With such resolute announcements, the proposed budget is perhaps the most audacious budget so far we have seen in the recent past by any government.

Recent Reforms:

The acme body of education in India, UGC (Union Grant Commission) coming under MHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development) has made an attempt to put a thrust on universities to adopt and implement CBCS (Choice-Based Credit System) through which students will have various choices on the courses they want to pursue and skills they want to take up, and the pace at which they want to grasp these.

Teach for India, a project of Teach To Lead, is a nationwide movement of outstanding college graduates and young professionals who will commit two-years to teach full-time in under resourced schools and who will become lifelong leaders working from within various sectors towards the pursuit of equity in education is another outstanding attempt by a private organization towards revamping the education status of the country.

Scrapping up of FYUP (Four- Year Undergraduate Programme) led by Delhi University although came up with some controversies but in the end proved to be an admired proposition by the students and some other universities.

The ‘Class 2000’ initiative of the Education Department to impart ‘computer-based’ education in 100 smart schools, ‘computer aided education’ in 1000 schools and ‘general computer literacy’ in 10,000 schools is laudable to a certain extent but still needs a big boost.

Initiatives Undertaken:

Recently HRD minister Mrs. Smriti Irani launched Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyaan to bolster the innovation part in the primary & secondary education in India, the measures will also include financial assistance for those who come up with innovative ideas in science and mathematics field. Even the government is inviting pedagogue from other nations to assist in research and development of the ongoing system. An online web portal Swayam (Study Webs of Active-Learning for Young Aspiring Minds) is launched to offer multiple Open online courses covering all possible subjects. Those who opt for the courses will be getting a degree or certificate after paying a titular amount.

Unnat Bharat Abhiyaan; another initiative by MHRD will be launched where renowned universities like IITs, IIMs as well a central universities will adopt one village each, nurture rural villages in terms of education and other facilities.

Recently Yuva Sena(the youth wing of Shiv Sena ), an ally of BJP has voluntarily contributed towards the reforms through circulating study material of senior secondary level as well as ‘’Tablet PCs’ in Maharashtra.

An NGO, PRIDE India (Planning Rural-Urban Integrated Development through Education) has introduced School-based Quality Improvement Program (SQUIP) and Reading Improvement Program (RIP) to supplement ‘Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan’ of the GOI.

Techno giant Microsoft has also launched ‘Microsoft Edu’ cloud to assist faculties in developing a technologically enabled content to design quality substance.

Sesame Workshop in India through its flagship programme Galli Galli Sim Sim is using the potential of media to help children learn basic academic and life skills and enhance their overall cognitive, socio-emotional and physical development. 

Digital  Education:

Digital education is a segment of Digital India where education is incorporated along with the digital medium for simplification of various educational services in accordance with government initiatives. The whole system will work as a brolly to transform the current scenario into a more systematic and an accessible one. E-basta an initiative launched by PM Modi is a product of Digital Education where education and other concerned facilities will be delivered in far-flung areas where teachers may not reach physically so that any infant shouldn’t remain deprived of the education system. To facilitate it, 13 lakh Balwadis in India are planned to be converted into Nand Ghar where Anganwadi educators will be trained to use digital tools as teaching aids.

Humongous popularity among the youth and his budding caliber has certainly raised the bar of expectations of each and every citizen of the country form the PM of India who knows every bit of it and is trying to buck up every area of improvement regarding educational sector. Although critics have an opinion on every good and bad, but we can still substantially hope for a better India in terms of education from now onwards, till his legacy continues.