Part II

In the previous article “Drought and Water Scarcity Situation Reviewed by PM Modi”, we have mentioned five states who joined meeting with PM to present the current situation of urban and rural areas.

In this article, we will discuss the other drought affected states i.e. Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, and Maharashtra.

6) Madhya Pradesh

On 10th May 2016, Indian Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi held a meeting with the Chief Minister Shri Shivraj Singh Chauhan and other staff members to review the water scarcity situation in Madhya Pradesh. In this meeting, PM Modi asked the officials to access the specific requirement of the state and to focus attention on both long term and immediate measures.

For drought affected areas in Madhya Pradesh, the total amount of Rs. 1875.80 crore has been released under NDRF and an additional amount of Rs 657.75 crore released as a central share of SDRF for 2015-16 to the State. A further amount of Rs. 345.375 crore has been released as the first instalment of SDRF for 2016-17.

 

CM also mentioned that total fund of Rs. 4664 crore has been released for the relief assistance and initiatives have been taken for the creation of water storage structures, implementation of Pradhan Mantri Sinchai Yojana, agriculture measures like micro irrigation, use of space technology, use of liquid fertilizer, and building farm ponds. PM Modi laid stress on the strategies to increase awareness about water storage and conservation plans. He asked the CM to involve NCC, NYKS, NSS and guides in these types of activities like tree plantation and protection of catchment area of the River Narmada.

7) Telangana

On 10th May 2016, PM Modi reviewed the drought and water scarcity situation in parts of Telangana and held a meeting with CM of Telangana, Shri K. Chandrashekar Rao, Senior officials from the Government of India, and the State of Telangana.  He stressed the importance of using urban waste water for irrigation in adjoining rural areas and use of remote sensing and space technology to identify blocked water channels that be targeted for desolation through public participation.

In this meeting, CM mentioned about the progress of Mission Kakatiya for the rejuvenation of water tanks and other water storage structures in the State, micro-irrigation that has covered 40,000 hectares in the State. He discussed the Mission Bhagiratha for providing safe drinking water to rural households. It was mentioned that total fund of Rs. 712.62 crore has been provided to the State under NDRF and an additional amount of Rs 205.5 crore released as a central share of State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) for 2015-16 to the State. It was informed that an amount of Rs. 108 crore has been provided as the first instalment of SDRF for 2016-17.

CM also suggested delineation of the entire country into “crop colonies,” so that specific strategies could be evolved accordingly. PM Modi appreciated the suggestion and said that soil health cards aim to achieve the same objective. He encouraged the State to come up with a model plan.
8) Karnataka

On 7th May 2016, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi chaired a high-level meeting with the Chief Minister of the state Shri Siddaramaiah and senior officials to discuss the drought and water scarcity situation in Karnataka. The Chief Minister explained the various measures undertaken by the State Government, including construction of farm ponds, desilting, steps towards drip irrigation, and ensuring adequate drinking water supply. PM Modi discussed on various measures for desilting, water conservation and recharging of ground water. He urged to focus on desilting, farm tanks and check dams over the next 30 to 40 days, before the onset of the monsoon.

In this meeting, it was informed that total fund of Rs. 207 crore will be released as a central share of SDRF for 2015-16 and a further amount of Rs. 108.75 crore has already been released as the first instalment of SDRF for 2016-17. It was mentioned that Rs. 603 crore will be provided for water conservation and drought proofing under government scheme and Rs. 830 crore will be released under agriculture schemes. CM was thankful for the financial assistance of Rs. 1540.20 crore for the farmers and this amount will be provided to the farmers through RTGS. The schemes like waste water management, water conservation and construction of water bodies, drip irrigation can provide the best solution in a drought like conditions. Stressing on these, PM asked the state to increase GSDP and investment. He asked NITI Aayog to make an index for the determination of water management and conservation.

 

9) Maharashtra

On 7th May 2016, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi held a high-level meeting on the drought and water scarcity situation in parts of Maharashtra. The Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Shri Devendra Fadnavis and Senior Officials were present in the meeting. In this meeting, PM asked the state government to work together with the NGOs and Citizens to resolve the drought condition. He said that we should focus on the medium and long solution for this type of critical condition that can leave a great impact on our life. He emphasized the importance of increasing water use efficiency through drip irrigation and sprinkler which can enhance the product quality and hence benefits. CM mentioned that the state is focusing on ensuring that 100% of sugarcane growth will come under the drip irrigation plan in the next three years.

PM Modi asked the state government to adopt the modern and traditional methods for the water conservation. He also mentioned that we should work on the water management practices and measures and modern solid and liquid waste management practices that can boost up the water and organic fertilizer availability in the farming areas. The Chief Minister mentioned that the State is focusing on Climate Resilient Agriculture; and has proposed a Climate Resistant Agriculture Modernization Project for a World Bank loan, to ensure water security at the farm level. He apprised PM for the progress of the Jal Yukt Shivar Abhiyan for water conservation and storage. The state will cover 51500 farm ponds by the end of this year which will increase the productivity and revenue stream.

CM spoke on the efforts of the state towards “doubling farm incomes and drought-free Maharashtra.” He mentioned about the successful completion of critical irrigation projects in Vidarbha and Marathwada areas. Reviewing the reports, PM laid stress on the value addition, crop diversification, broad basing the income sources for farmers by connection poultry, fishery, dairying, and bee-keeping.

10) Uttar Pradesh

On 7th May 2016, PM Modi chaired a meeting with the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Shri Akhilesh Yadav and state government officials to review the water scarcity situation. In this meeting, PM stressed on the use of technology modes like satellite imaging and remote sensing for the planning of recharge structures and water conservation which can provide help for the medium and long term solutions for a drought like conditions.

PM said that there is a need to change the cropping patterns which will be based on the scientific advice, fertigation for water use efficiency, use of sprinkle irrigation and drip, public participation especially the women sector for water management plans. CM mentioned the action plan for the revival and restoration of 78999 water structures like farm ponds, tanks and one lakh recharge sectors and water bodies. These plans will be executed under Pradhan Mantri Sinchai Yojana and MNREGA.

In this meeting, it was mentioned that an amount of Rs. 934.32 crore will be released to the State under NDRF. This is in addition to Rs 506.25 crore released as a central share of State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) for 2015-16 to the State. A further amount of Rs. 265.87 crore has been released as the first installment of SDRF for 2016-17.


PM Modi asked the state officials to use treated urban waste water for the farming in adjoining areas. He mentioned about the monitoring the water delivery through tankers in the affected areas. He praised the efforts of state government like provision of food and drinking water to the needy people in Bundelkhand, water and fodder for the cattle, employment etc. He further asked the CM to include execute water conservation plans before the upcoming monsoon. These plans will include recharging of the river, desalting and water storage mechanisms.

Contributor: Sunpreet Kaur

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