Department of person with disability, Ministry of social justice and empowerment has launched the Accessible India Campaign- Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan for achieving universal accessibility for a person with disabilities. It was launched on 3rd December 2015, International day of person with disability. The main goal for Accessible India Campaign is about giving equal access to everyone including a person with Disabilities.
BEING A PART OF “ESCAP” AND INCHEON STRATEGY
An initiative taken by ESCAP- economics and social commission for Asia and the pacific for the Person with Disability. India is a member of ESCAP which is a Regional level arm of UN and serves as a main Economic and social center for Asia and Pacific. ESCAP provides a link between global and country level program and issues. Government of ESCAP held a meeting from 29th October to 2nd November 2012 to develop goals and strategies for new Asia and pacific Disable decade of person with disability and it was hosted by government of Korea and launched Incheon strategy to “MAKE THE RIGHT REAL” for the person with disability in Asia and Pacific. Along being a member of ESCAP, India is also the signatory for UN convention to the right of person with Disability (UNCRPD) from 2007. It is also conducted to ensure that the signatory are following mandatory rules mentioned in the Article. In total Incheon strategy is created with 10 goals, 27 targets and 62 indicators which is built on UNCRPD.
Incheon strategy mentions the access to the public transport, communication, technology, knowledge and physical environment is a precondition for a person with disability to fulfill their right in a society. The accessibility is based on universal design increases safety and use not only for person with disability, but for all other members of the society. Certain strategies are mandatory to be followed by the signatory of UNCRPD:
Guidelines should be provided for the facility and services for disable in the public buildings.
Private department, open to public should also provide facility and service for an access for disabilities.
Training program to be conducted for the occupants of the building
To provide signage in Braille and in easy to read
To provide form of live assistance, including guidelines, readers and professional sign language
ACCESSIBLE INDIA CAMPAIGN
Accessible India Campaign is in line with article 9 of UNCRPD. The program also falls under PwDs- Person with Disabilities Act, 1995 under section 44, 45, 46 for equal rights and opportunity for a disabled person. It also says states that there should be a provision of non discrimination on roads, in transport and in built environment. As per section 46, which states that there should be a provision of Ramos in the building, Toilets adaptive to wheel chairs Braille symbol and auditory signage in lifts. According to the section 44 and 45, states provision on roads for auditory signals in public transport, curb cuts on pathways and slope on pavements, engraving on the surface of Zebra crossing. Accessible India Campaign is proposed in sync with the guidelines set by Incheon strategy also. the first basic targets set by Incheon strategy are as follows:
Increase the accessibility in the national capitals
Increase accessibility in public transport
Increase accessibility and usability of information and communication services.
ACCESS AUDITS AND TARGETS
Access audits are important means to ensure accessibility and must cover all stages of the process of planning, design, construction, maintenance, monitoring and valuation. This will optimize the level of their independence in daily life. Also to ensure availability of assistive support for those living in a low recourses settings. Indicators defined by Incheon strategy for tracking the process for disability:
Proportion of accessibility government buildings in capital city
proportion of accessibility at international Airports
Proportion of accessibility and usage public documents
Availability of mandate technical standards for accessibility that govern the approval of all design for building
Number of sign language interpreters
Target for built environment:
Conducting accessible audit and converting 50% of most important government buildings in to fully accessible building by July 2016.
Conducting accessible audit and converting 50% of most important government buildings of cities fully accessible building by July 2019.
Target for Public transport:
Conducting audits and converting 50% of International airports, fully accessible by July 2016.
Conducting audits and converting 50% of domestic airports, fully accessible by July 2019.
50% of railway station need to be audited and converted fully accessible by July 2019.
25% of government owed transport will be audited and converted to fully accessible by July 2019
Target for Information and Communication Eco-System Accessibility:
Auditing and converting 50% of government website in to fully accessible by 2016.
ensuring 50% of public documents to be audited and converted into fully accessible by July 2019.
Training and developing 200 additional sign language interpreter by July 2019.
Ensuring that 25% of public television program aired by government channel meet standards by July 2019.
Accessible India Campaign will seek cooperation of all Central Government Departments/Ministries and State Governments to seek “accessible police stations”, “accessible hospitals”, “accessible tourism”, and “accessible digital India” etc.
VOICE OF SPECIALLY ABLED PEOPLE
VoSAP is an NGO specially initiated by the citizen of India, to create an awareness in each and every corner of the country, which can generate the opportunity on political, volunteer, charity etc within the disabled sector. VoSAP also made its presence on digital platform for mass communication, which therefore provides all supporting information to empower the a person with disability and adding efforts to achieve targets of Accessible India Campaign adopted by central Government of India.0